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Stainless steel reaction kettle to obtain high temperature method


Release time:

2019-04-02

Stainless steel reaction kettle to obtain high temperature methods usually have the following: 1 electric heating resistance wire wound on the stainless steel reaction kettle cylinder insulation layer, or installed in a number of distance from the reaction kettle on the special insulator, therefore, in the resistance wire and stainless steel reaction kettle body between the formation of a small space gap. The first three methods to obtain high temperature are required to add a jacket on the kettle body. Due to the large range of temperature change, the jacket and shell of the stainless steel reaction kettle are subjected to temperature change and temperature difference pressure is generated. When electric heating is used, the equipment is lighter and simpler, the temperature is easier to adjust, and there is no need for pumps, furnaces, chimneys and other facilities, and the operation is also very simple and dangerous.

Stainless steel reactor to obtain high temperature methods usually have the following:
1 electric heating resistance wire wound on the stainless steel reaction kettle cylinder insulation layer, or installed in a number of distance from the reaction kettle on the special insulator, therefore, in the resistance wire and stainless steel reaction kettle body between the formation of a small space gap. The first three methods to obtain high temperature are required to add a jacket on the kettle body. Due to the large range of temperature change, the jacket and shell of the stainless steel reaction kettle are subjected to temperature change and temperature difference pressure is generated. When electric heating is used, the equipment is lighter and simpler, the temperature is easier to adjust, and it does not require pumps, furnaces, chimneys and other facilities. The operation is also very simple, the risk is not high, and the cost is low, but the operating cost is higher than other heating methods. The thermal efficiency is below 85%, so it is suitable for heating temperatures below 400°C and lower electric energy prices.
Chemical reactions are usually carried out in the reaction kettle. In order to ensure the uniform and rapid reaction and improve the efficiency, the corresponding stirring device is usually installed in the reaction kettle, so the dynamic seal of the transmission shaft and the problem of preventing leakage are brought about.
2 Heating with other media If the process requires high temperature operation or to avoid the use of high pressure heating system, other media can be used instead of water and steam, such as mineral oil (275~300 ℃), diphenyl ether mixture (boiling point 258 ℃), molten salt (140~540 ℃), liquid lead (melting point 327 ℃), etc.
3 stainless steel reaction kettle is mostly gap operation, sometimes in order to ensure the quality of products, each batch of materials need to be cleaned; The top of the stainless steel reaction kettle is equipped with quick-opening manholes and hand holes, which are convenient for sampling, measuring volume, observing reaction conditions and entering the equipment for internal maintenance.
4 water heating requirements can be used when the temperature is not high, stainless steel reactor heating system has open and closed two. The open type is relatively simple. It is composed of a circulating pump, a sink, a pipeline and a regulator that controls the valve. When high-pressure water is used, the mechanical strength of the stainless steel reactor equipment is required to be high. The outer surface of the stainless steel reactor is welded with a snake tube. There is a gap between the snake and the kettle wall, which increases the thermal resistance and reduces the heat transfer effect.
5 steam heating heating temperature below 100 ℃, can be used below an atmospheric pressure of steam to heat; 100~180 ℃ range, with saturated steam; when the temperature is higher, can use high pressure superheated steam.